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feet4According to research published from the University of Alabama, the number of high heel injuries has increased nearly twice as much from 2002 to 2012. The findings showed that wearing high heels too often distorts the biomechanics of the feet, putting users at higher risk for foot and ankle injuries. Wearing high heels can result in Achilles tendon injuries and ankle sprains due to the over pronation of the foot and stiffness in the tendons and calves. High heels also put all of the weight onto the balls of the feet which commonly results in stress fractures over time.

Biomechanics of the feet can help you understand how to prevent injury and help doctors treat your foot and ankle ailments. If you have any concerns contact one of our podiatrists of Michigan Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body causing an interference with the biological structure and focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics
- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974 biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination to the area.

Modern technology improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes providing a better understanding of podiatry concepts for biomechanics. Computers provide accurate determinations about the forces, moments and patterns of the foot and lower legs with the most important information captured.

Advances in materials and more awareness of biomechanics have developed enhanced corrective methods, offering further options for foot-related injuries. Understanding foot biomechanics can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Ferndale, Milford, and Commerce Township, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about biomechanics of the feet.

ankle-injury4Weronika Molinski was on her way to start a new fitness program in Colorado when she ruptured her Achilles tendon. Although she was unable to walk for a few months, Molinski was treated with a new minimally invasive surgery that is often compared to knitting. Doctors would use a device to attach sutures to her tendon and pull the sutures in and out of her skin. This method additionally leaves a smaller scar compared to the large vertical scar left with traditional surgeries. While Molinski was simply happy she could exercise again doctors stated, “The benefit is, by making a small incision, you’re minimizing the risk associated with fixing a tendon repair.”

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns contact one of our podiatrists of Michigan Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can cause severe difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

- Inflammation

- Dull to Severe Pain

- Increased blood flow to the tendon

- Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

- Extreme pain and swelling in the foot

- Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

- Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise

- Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Ferndale, Milford, and Commerce Township, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Achilles tendon injuries.

pregnancy6Although soon-to-be moms have many things to take care of during pregnancy, it is additionally important that feet and ankles are paid attention to. During pregnancy many women experience natural weight gain in addition to swollen ankles, feet, and flat feet. Accordingly there are certain exercise techniques that can help reduce these foot ailments. If sitting for a long period of time, take short walks regularly to reduce swelling in the feet and ankles. To reduce over-pronation or flattening of the arch, stretch the calves, rotate the ankles in a circular motion, and try the reverse and standing calf raise.

Pregnancy can put a tremendous amount of stress on the feet. If you have any concerns contact one of our podiatrists of Michigan Foot and Ankle. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What foot problems can arise during pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is over-pronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward. This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy, but tends to occur in the later stages.

How can I keep my feet healthy during pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Ferndale, Milford, and Commerce Twp, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about pregnancy and feet.

swimming4According to Russell Pressler of TriHealth, swimming is a great way to relieve foot pain while staying physically active this summer. Although the average person can experience foot pain any time of year, it is more common for podiatrists to have visitors in the summer due the increased activity the warmer weather brings. For those experiencing a foot injury this summer, it is still possible to remain active this summer with swimming. The activity allows those injured to remain physically fit without adding pressure or overusing the foot.   

Swimming is a great way to exercise the feet. If you have any questions regarding the benefits of swimming on the feet, consider contacting one of our podiatrists from Michigan Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will explain the unique health advantages this activity has and recommend some simple exercises.

Benefits of Swimming and Foot care

Our feet receive the most stress on a daily basis. Walking, running, and long standing contribute to pain and stress on the feet. Swimming helps promote circulation and keep the body feeling great and healthy.

Benefits of swimming:

Improve blood circulation

  • Swimming is a good, safe way to get in extra physical activity and improve circulation, without causing further trauma to the feet

Relieve aches or pains

  • It takes all the pressure off of them, allowing the feet to relax and recover, and improves blood flow to them.

Circulation overall for diabetics

  • Swimming contributes to blood flow, and increase oxygen levels within the body.

Reduce foot inflammation

  • Swimming in warm water can increase blood flow and make it easier to move and stretch the afflicted foot. The feet are also exposed in water, giving them much needed air.

Swimming the helpful alternative:

Many people like the elderly and diabetics suffer from weakened muscles and joints. A water sport like swimming will support the body, thus allowing him or her to move freely. Blood flow circulation is a main trigger to tired inflamed feet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Michigan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about the Benefits of Swimming and Foot Care

X-rayAccording to a study conducted by researchers of the Arthritis Research UK Centre for Genetics and Genomics, genetic variants are capable of predicting the progression of the disease. Included in the study were 4,000 rheumatoid arthritis patients where hand and feet erosions indicated a higher or lower risk of the severity of the disease. The strongest indicator of a high risk included the amino acid valine at position 11 of the HLA-DRB1 gene. The gene was also found to be studying in finding treatment responses. Although experts have suspected the results of the study for quite some time, the confirmation will help physicians make the proper advanced in treating arthritis.

Arthritis is a painful condition and arthritic foot care is necessary to avoid further complications. If you have any concerns contact one of our podiatrists of Michigan Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves inflammation of different joints in your body, such as in your feet. Arthritis is often caused by a degenerative joint disease and causes mild to severe pain in all affected areas. On top of this, swelling and stiffness in the affected joints can also be a common symptom of arthritis.

In many cases, wearing ill-fitting shoes can worsen the effects and pain of arthritis. Wearing shoes that have a lower heel and extra room can help your feet feel more comfortable. In cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the arch in your foot may become problematic. Buying shoes with proper arch support that contour to your feet can help immensely.

Alleviating Arthritic Pain

• Exercises that stretch the foot can prevent further pain and injury and increase mobility
• Most of the pain can be alleviated with anti-inflammatory drugs, heat, and topical medications
• Massages can help to temporarily alleviate pain.

It is best to see your doctor for the treatment that is right for your needs and symptoms. Conditions vary, and a podiatrist can help you determine the right method of care for your feet.

If you have any concerns contact our offices located in Ferndale, Milford, and Commerce Twp., MI. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about arthritic foot care.

harrisonfordEarlier this year Harrison Ford has made news for surviving a crash-landing of a World War II plane in Santa Monica, CA. Although Ford survived he was left with a lacerated scalp, and a broken pelvis and ankle. The Age of Adaline star has been allowed out of the hospital, but now has to come to physical therapy to rehabilitate his ankle.

Most known for his roles in Star Wars and Indiana Jones, the star has two more movies coming out this year including Star Wars: The Force Awakens and Blade Runner of which his injuries will have no impact on the projects.
Ankle injuries are common, but need to be treated as soon as possible.

If you have any concerns about your ankles contact one of our podiatrists of Michigan Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What To Know About Ankle Injuries
It is very common to incur an injury to the ankle. As the point of connection from the leg and the foot, the ankle is susceptible to sprains and fractures due to its location. Ankle sprains, the most common ankle injury, occur when the foot is twisted in an unnatural way. This unnatural twisting of the ankle results in severe pain as a result of inflammation and swelling. This inflammation and swelling comes from fluid leakage into the tissues, which sensitize and place additional pressure on the nerves. Heavy blood flow also occurs, which is why swollen ankles are warm to the touch. Ankle sprains can occur by the following means:

  • Sports injuries
  • Slipping on stairs
  • Walking on uneven ground

While ankle sprains can be minor, if you are experiencing severe pain, bone deformity, loss of sensation or even an inability to walk, it is a sure sign that you require immediate medical attention. X-rays could determine potential fractures. The ankle can experience injury in the joint, tendons, and ligaments. Anytime there is an ankle injury ice should be applied to the injured area in order to reduce inflammation. To reduce pressure, elevate the ankle above the level of the heart and apply an elastic bandage as needed.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Ferndale, Milford, and Commerce Township, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about ankle injuries.

anklesprains2Argentine forward and world renowned soccer superstar Lionel Messi is recovering from an injured foot he sustained during the recent El Clasico win over Real Madrid.

Messi was forced to sit out of both of Argentina’s friendlies against El Salvador and Ecuador over his clubs international break due to the injury. However, he was soon able to participate in light running and stretching activities. According to Barcelona officials on their website, “The inflammation of Messi’s Foot has improved and the player will attempt to join the rest of internationals tomorrow.

Getting back into sports after foot and ankle injuries may sometimes be tricky due to possibilities of worsening any injuries. If you have any concerns about your foot and ankle needs contact one of our podiatrists of Michigan Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Getting Back into Sports after Foot and Ankle Injuries
While one of the most common injuries among athletes may be a sprained ankle, there are still many other types of injuries that plague athletes in any sport. But for less severe foot and ankle injuries, it is recommended by physical therapists and sports medicine doctors that athletes use the R.I.C.E. method to help alleviate pain and to speed up the healing process.

The acronym R.I.C.E. stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation. These four steps help in the healing process, not only to reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation, but also to improve overall health of the affected area, allowing you to get back on to your feet again. Although resting is usually the key to all healing, it is necessary to see a doctor to ensure treatment for any other problems that may not be obvious to you right away.

It is best for injured athletes to allow themselves time to heal. Some athletes need hours of re-training, exercise, check-ups with their physical therapist, and other remedies. But with the right attitude and motivation, it is not hard to get back into sports after foot and ankle injuries.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Ferndale, Milford, and Commerce Township, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about getting into sports after foot and ankle injuries.

bcureWhen it comes to bunions, the enlargement of the joint in the big toe, there are many facts and myths. For example, it is a fact that bunions are one of the most common foot problems in the United States and occur in nearly one fourth to one third of Americans.

Myths of bunions include having surgery even if the bunion is not painful, bunion surgery is unbearably painful, and in order to have a successful surgery you would have to take off of work for a prolonged period of time. Bunion sufferers should only have surgery on a painful bunion if the joint continues to grow and when it creates a problem when engaging in physical activity.

Bunions can become a serious condition if not treated properly. If you want to better understand the facts and myths of your foot problem contact one of our podiatrists of Michigan Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs by the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why do Bunions Form?

  • Genetics – susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
  • Stress on the feet – poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can cause bunions to form

How are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Ferndale, Milford, and Commerce Township, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about bunions.

Monday, 13 April 2015 00:00

Tips for a Proper Trail Running Shoe Fit

anklesprains2When it comes to running outdoors, it is important to understand that outdoor trail shoes can be different than regular running shoes or trainers. Mario Fraioli has listed four tips when it comes to understanding the differences in trail running shoes deciding the right type of shoe for you.

  • Trail shoes fit differently than other running shoes, they are snugger around the arch to eliminate lifting on uneven ground and there should be a thumbs worth of distance between the toes and front edge of the shoe.
  • Certain trail shoes have different levels of cushioning depending on the amount of protection and ability to feel the trail the individual runner wants.
  • Regular running shoes are not built for the trail and will wear down quicker; trail shoes are built stronger and can accommodate runners on varied road conditions.
  • Trail shoes have different soles for better performance on specific terrains. Rubber outsoles are best for running over boulders and rocks while knobby lugs build traction on terrains with loose dirt and wet conditions

Finding a proper fitting shoe is important whether it is for running or just for everyday wear. For more information contactone of our podiatrists of Michigan Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

A common concern when it comes to foot health, having properly fitted shoes can help prevent injuries to the foot. Out feet affect our posture and gait, which in turn affects the biomechanics and overall bodily structure. With 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 ligaments, the potential for serious injury is much greater than one realizes. Although the feet cease growth in adulthood, they still change shape as they mature. Here are come factors to consider when it comes to investing in properly fitting shoes:

  • Be sure the shoes fit correctly right away
  • Ensure the ball of your foot fits comfortably in the widest portion of the shoes
  • Even though they may look fashionable, improperly fitting shoes can either create adverse conditions or exacerbate existing ones you may already have
  • Walk along a carpeted surface to ensure the shoes comfortably fit during normal activity

Keeping in mind how shoes fit the biomechanics of your body, keeping properly fit shoes is vitally important. Fortunately, it is not difficult to acquire footwear that fits correctly. Be sure to wear shoes that support the overall structure of your body. Do your feet a favor and invest in several pairs of well-fitted shoes today.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Ferndale, Milford, and Commerce Township, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies for your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about proper shoe fitting.

anklesprains2According to the America Podiatric Medical Association, it is important for parents and teens to understand the fit and function of getting the right shoe size before making a finalized purchase. The APMA suggests that parents buy their children the correct shoe for the type of activity they are participating in; basketball shoes for basketball, cleats for soccer, etc. It is also important to have your teen’s foot measured to make sure the fit is correct and comfortable.

Parents and teens should buy new shoes when signs of wear start to show and opt for shoes with a flexible sole and firm middle.

Getting the right shoe size is important to your foot health. If you have any concerns about shoe type, please contact one of our podiatrists of Michigan Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Getting the right shoe size
Sometimes it may be difficult finding the right shoe size especially because shoe sizes tend to vary depending on the brand and company you are looking for. A size 6 for one brand may be a size 7 in another. Although many people know their exact shoe size, it can range within 2 sizes depending on where they shop.

So it is important not to always go for a size 7 just because you think you might be a size 7 universally. It is best to try on the shoe and walk around for a bit to see how it fits and how it feels. Comfort is essential and the fitting has to be well otherwise it can lead to blisters, bruises at the back of the ankle and it can also hurt your toes if the shoe is too tight for example.

Shopping online for shoes can be very tricky and time consuming, especially since you cannot try on the shoe or see how it fits or how it feels. Also, buying a shoe online then getting it in the mail only to find out that it was the wrong shoe can be frustrating because you then have to deal with shipping and handling and re-ordering a new size or possibly getting a refund.

People walk a lot, so it is important for you to find what is comfortable when it is possible, fancy shoes that are not so comfortable can be saved for events where the occasion expects a fancier look.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Michigan. We offer the newest diagnostic technologies and treatment to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about getting the right shoe size.

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